The following steps should be taken by the nuclear
weapons states prior to the end of the year 2000 to
assure that we enter the 21st century with a full
commitment to ending the nuclear weapons threat that now
hangs over the heads of all humanity and clouds our
1. Publicly acknowledge the weaknesses and
fallibilities of deterrence: that deterrence is only a
theory and is clearly ineffective against an enemy who is
irrational, unlocatable, or suicidal, and cannot assure
against accidents, misperceptions, miscalculations, or
2. Publicly acknowledge the illegality of the threat
or use of nuclear weapons under international law as
stated by the International Court of Justice in its 1996
opinion, and further acknowledge the obligation under
international law for good faith negotiations for nuclear
disarmament in all its aspects.
3. Publicly acknowledge the immorality of threatening
to annihilate millions, even hundreds of millions, of
people in the name of national security.
4. Commence good faith negotiations to achieve a
Nuclear Weapons Convention to eliminate and prohibit all
5. Establish an international accounting system for
all nuclear weapons and weapons-grade nuclear
6. Sign and ratify to the Comprehensive Test Ban
Treaty, and cease laboratory and subcritical nuclear
tests designed to modernize and improve nuclear weapons
7. Re-affirm the commitments to the 1972
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and cease efforts to
violate that treaty by the deployment of national or
theater missile defenses.
8. De-alert all nuclear weapons and de-couple all
nuclear warheads from their delivery vehicles.
9. Declare policies of No First Use of nuclear weapons
against other nuclear weapons states and policies of No
Use against non-nuclear weapons states.
10. Reduce nuclear arsenals in all nuclear weapons
states to no more than 200 de-alerted and de-coupled
nuclear weapons each by the year 2005, and place these
weapons in internationally monitored storage sites.
11. Set forth a plan to complete the transition
under international control and monitoring to zero
nuclear weapons by 2020.
12. Reallocate the $35 billion currently being spent
annually for maintaining nuclear arsenals to improving
human health, education and welfare.