Experimental Peacebuilding Zone in Western Slavonia. Peace
From the Ground Up
TFF, 1995, 11 pages.
85 Swedish kronor.
ISSN 1103-7482, ISRN TFF-R--11--SE.
A TFF conflict-mitigation proposal that advocates some new
thinking about conflict-resolution and reconciliation in
post-war societies. Rather than speaking in favour of one
particular solution to the conflict between Croats and
Serbs, TFF here advocates a transition model which - with a
lot of concrete mechanisms and clear-cut modalities - would
have permitted the parties to move in the direction of a
solution, and a solution adapted to the local needs. This
report was published on the very day the Croatian Army
rolled into the UN Protection Zone and chased away both the
UN and the local Serbs.
KonfliktKonsortiet. Om samarbejde mellem
"konfliktlægning" og humanitære organisationer i
Danmark og Norden
Morten Kjærum, Jan Øberg, 1996.
39 sidor, 80 danske kroner.
ISSN 1103-7482, ISRN TFF-R--14--SE.
Mere om denne, se PressInfo
Conflict-Mitigation in Reconstruction and Development.
An inspiration Paper
Jan Øberg, 1996
16 pages, 60 Swedish kronor.
ISSN 1103-7482, ISRN TFF-R--15--SE.
Deals with new and old conflict formations in the world;
with conflicts that lead to violence and those that lead to
development; with the difference between locking and solving
conflicts; with human identity and existence and with
reconstruction and peacebuilding.
This short paper ends with 10 short-term peaceful measures
which, according to the author, must always be considered in
Att läka konflikter. Engagemang,
möjligheter och problem
Red. Jan Øberg. Med bidrag av Marta Cullberg -
Weston, Pertti Joenniemi, Håkan Wiberg, och Jan
Øberg. TFF 1996. 82 sidor, 150 kronor.
Jan Öberg förklarar vad TFF:s
konfliktläknings-metod går ut på.
Pertti Joenniemi & Håkan Wiberg diskuterar
konfliktläkningens kontext, särart, motiv och
problem. Jan Öberg genomgår syfte och filosofi -
t ex varför man bör tala med alla sidor - och hur
det rent praktiskt går för sig i ett
krigsområde. Marta Cullberg Weston analyserar de
psykologiska perspektiven - gruppidentitet, "chosen
traumas", offerproblemet, makt etc. Håkan Wiberg ser
på förhållandet mellan massmedia och
En skrift som förklarar TFF:s arbete och filosofi och
som ger viktiga insikter i frågan: vad göra och
inte göra när man vill hjälpa andra att
lösa sina konflikter. Och den som inte
förstår hur TFF:s skrifter kan ge uttryck
för vissa åsikter, som kanske är
kontroversiella - eller upplevdes så när de gavs
ut - kan här på egen hand studera bakgrunden till
Förträfflig för folkrörelser och andra
som ska ut i fält, för lärare som ska
undervisa i internationell politik i gymnasiet och för
journalister som själva måste förstå
för att kunna förmedla till andra.
On Conflict Management and Humanitarian
Morten Kjærum och Jan Øberg, 1997.
ISSN 1103-7482, ISRN TFF-R-18-SE 1997
100 Swedish kronor or 10 US $.
For more see PressInfo
Conflict and Teaching Peace in Former Yugoslavia. A Course
Peter Jarman & Jan Oberg, 1998.
ISSN 1103-7482, ISRN TFF-R-19 SE, 1998,
150 Swedish kronor or 15 US $.
Tells you how TFF conducted the "Learning Conflict"
Program in former Yugoslavia 1996 and 1997 - and what we
learnt from working with 105 ethnically mixed participants
during eight courses in Croatia, Bosnia (both entities),
Yugoslavia and Macedonia.
This is a practical account of what we did and how we did
it, rather than a treatise on the philosophy and methodology
of teaching peace in war-torn societies.
Many organisations now offer various types of courses and
training to NGOs. What we usually see and hear, if anything,
is that these courses are a success and sometimes even
contribute to promote the organisation that delivers them.
So too with TFF, we are no different. The level of
intensity, comments and the general atmosphere indicate that
these courses were a success: our participants gave the
experience as a whole 4,2 of 5 possible points.
However, few NGOs take the trouble to tell others what we
tell you in this report: how we decided what to achieve and
not to achieve, the difficulties in teaching under these
special circumstances, how it was planned, how local
partners and participants were selected, what we taught, how
we taught it, what we learnt, what it cost etc.
We also deal with the difficult balances that any course
organizer must try to strike. Mistakes are unavoidable, but
there are ways to limit the damage - such as knowing the
area and the conflict well in advance, listening to and
building confidence with the participants and invite them to
participate while also taking a leadership role.
The authors, TFF conflict-mitigation team members Peter
Jarman and Jan Oberg, also discuss how to do follow-up to
this series of courses.
"Peace NGOs can only be helpful and survive by
experimenting, by doing old things in new ways and do new
things that governments are more reluctant to do or can not
do," says Jan Oberg. "But we should not keep our
experiences, the strong and weak aspects, secret to others
in the trade. Global networking is also about honest sharing
because that helps those we work for - the people who suffer
and the civil societies which fall apart as victims of
violence around the world.
This is why we publicise the report. Conflict-management can
be learnt. Telling each other what we experience when we
teach conflict-resolution, reconciliation and peace - and
being conscious about the unavoidable dilemmas in that very
educational process - is one way to contribute to quality
and innovation in the profession. So, we invite others to
tell us how they did it and what they learnt, in the Balkans
and elsewhere, of course."
Prevention, Postwar Reconstruction and Civil Society.
Theory and Yugoslavia
By Jan Oberg, 1998.
ISSN 1103-7482, ISRN TFF-R-20 SE.
180 Swedish kronor or 18 US $.
"This is yet another publication from TFF - 'Violence,
Postwar Reconstruction and Civil Society - Theory and
Yugoslavia.' It's main focus is civil society in war and
peace. It relates this concept to the economic
globalisation, to international conflict-management and to
the case of Yugoslavia and the Dayton agreement," says Jan
Oberg, author of the study.
It reflects the fact that everything TFF does is based on
We have three types of activities - academic analyses, field
work and advocacy. We do three things in conflict regions -
conflict analysis/early warning, conflict-mitigation and
peace and reconciliation education. We offer three
perspectives - analyses, criticism and constructive
alternatives. We believe that conflicts deserve three steps
- diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. And we work with three
conflict regions - former Yugoslavia, Georgia in the
Caucasus and one more conflict," says Oberg.
The first chapter deals with civil society and
violence-prevention; the second discusses various concepts
of 'civil society' and relates it to various types of power.
It also treats civil society as a) government, as b)
democracy and institutions, as c) peacemaker and as d) a
global phenomenon. The third chapter looks at how civil
society can help prevent emergencies, survive them and
develop in post-violence reconstruction. The fourth chapter
deals with the political economy of conflict, the case of
ex-Yugoslavia and shows how the Dayton 'peace' agreement
completely ignores civil society.
In the final chapter Oberg optimistically says, among other
things, that "the above analysis is a plädoyer for the
view that we must learn to clash as civilised creatures, not
as conflict illiterates. I believe that conflict-management
can and should be learnt by many more. If a lively debate
could unfold over the nature and legitimation of violence in
our countries and civilisation it would mark a great step
for humankind, help prevent much violence and prepare us to
learn why the 20th century was the most violent of all and
how the 21st must be different."
This report can be useful to field mission staff who seek a
comprehensive perspective on what they do in
conflict-regions, to students, journalists, diplomats, NGOs
and economic institutions who would like to see how
mainstream thinking can be challenged. Just a little.
The analysis was written for a project on "The Political
Economy of Humanitarian Emergencies," coordinated by WIDER,
the U.N-Affiliated World Institute for Development Economics
Research in Helsinki and co-sponsored by the Queen Elizabeth
House in Oxford and the U.N. Department of Humanitarian
Affairs. But, alas, THEY did not want to be challenged, paid
the study and decided not to publish it. Read it and you may
Peace. Sixty Examples of Conflict Mismanagement in Former
Yugoslavia since 1991
By Jan Oberg
58 pages, ISSN 1103-7482. ISRN TFF-R-22-SE 1, 1999, 180
Swedish kronor or US $ 18 plus postage.
A discussion of new and old conflict formations and
conflict-management strategies; an analysis of civil society
peace culture and then a list of mistakes made by the
international community when it has tried to deal with the
complexities of the Balkans.
Here is some of the content:
Politics as usual, conflict-management as unusual
Deficient diagnosis, failed conflict-resolution
The international community - a party to the
The 60th mistake: dealing with conflicts as if human
beings did not matter
Some lessons that must be learned - again
For more see PressInfo
Order number 62
63. The UN
Agenda for Peace Revisited
By Dietrich Fischer, Radmila Nakarada, Richard Falk,
Christian Hårleman and Jan Oberg
ISSN 1103-7482. ISRN TFF-R-23-SE
240 Swedish kronor or US $ 24 plus postage
An anthology by TFF associates Dietrich Fischer, Radmila
Nakarada, Richard Falk, Christian Hårleman and Jan
This anthology offers a variety of perspectives on
peacekeeping, taking "Agenda for Peace" as its point of
departure. It could have been called "From Agenda for Peace
to UNMIK in Kosovo."
Fischer writes on how to strengthen the UN
Nakarada writes on the Agenda and the real world of
Falks writes on The place of criminal accountability
in transitional justice: reflections after Kosovo and on
Hårleman writes on civilian peace-keepers,
Oberg writes about the Agenda lacking a strategic
vision of peace...and now Kosovo?
Order number 63
The World Needs Reconciliation and Forgiveness
By Jan Oberg, TFF 1999
ISSN 1103-7482. ISRN TFF-R-21-SE
120 Swedish kronor or US $ 24 plus postage
Addresses the - hidden or forgotten - human dimensions of
reconstruction and normalisation after war and violence and
outlines the difference between making peace as if people
mattered and shallow peace-making. The West may teach people
in conflict region - but is the West willing to also learn
from them? Offers numerous examples of initiatives that can
be taken to improve psycho-social healing while addressing
human beings and souls, social structure, culture,
environment - all towards a culture of peace. Comprehensive
list of literature.
Macedonia 2002-2203. War, Peace or Something
By Jan Oberg, TFF 2003
ISSN 1103-7482. ISRN TFF-R-24-SE
300 Swedish kronor or US $ 40 plus postage
As assessment of the risks of violence and war, based on
numerous TFF fact-finding missions to the country, before,
during and after the war in 2001.
The report offers some tools and perspectives on the
conflict formation around Macedonia, divided into three
circles - the inner/societal, the middle/regional and the
outer/global. It offers three possible risk scenarios for
the period 2002-2008.
The report emphasis, among other things, the necessity of
introducing active peace factors to heal the wounds of the
war and prevent future violence.
Contrary to other assessments, this report looks at the
international community as a party to the conflict, not as a
2. Bird's eye view of the conflicts in Macedonia
3. A guide to theories and concepts used in this
4. Diagnosis of Macedonia 2002-2003
6. Conclusion: Will there be war in Macedonia?
Could be order together with our two studies of Kosovo, #
35/36 "Preventing war in Kosovo" and # 45 "UNTANS".
(Go back to preceding page and find those numbers)