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Johan Galtung

Born 1930, one of the world' leading professors of peace studies and undoubtedly its most prolific writer and lecturer. Has worked at dozens of universities and research institutes - Oslo, Dubrovnik, Berlin, Santiago, Princeton, Geneva, Hawaii, Kyoto, Schlaining, Witten/Herdecke, Tromsoe...
He established the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) in 1959 and the Journal of Peace Research in 1964. He has published hundreds of articles and, by 2005, some 120 books, including "Human Rights in Another Key", "Choose Peace" and "Peace By Peaceful Means. Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization."
Galtung has been a consultant to several UN agencies. He holds numerous honorary degrees and awards, among them the Right Livelihood Award.
Over the last years Galtung has developed TRANSCEND, a Development and Peace Network with about 300 scholars and activists around the globe. Many of them, such as Dietrich Fischer are Associates of TFF too.
Galtung is married to Fumiko Nishimura and they live a "transnational" life moving between Kyoto, U.S., France, Spain and Norway.
More about Galtung on Wikipedia.

Galtung, Wiberg and Oberg will publish a book on Yugoslavia summarizing the breakdown and the missed opportunities for peace and justice there. In it they build on their combined 110 man-years of experience from that region.

Johan Galtung and Jan Oberg first met in 1974 when Galtung was director of the Inter-University Centre in Dubrovnik, IUC, where Oberg was a student.

He joined TFF as Associate when it was set up in 1985.


51 Bois Chatton, F-01210 Versonnex, France


+33-450-42 73 06
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© Jan Oberg 2004

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Articles by Johan Galtung

The most recent on top

Johan Galtung, January 19, 2012
Davos: The 1% world

Johan Galtung, January 12, 2012
Where are we heading?

On history, social groups and fights...

Johan Galtung, December 28, 2011
Who was Jesus?

Johan Galtung, December 20, 2011
Right wing extremism? Or Fascism?

Johan Galtung, December 13, 2011
Poor USA: What a Choice!

Johan Galtung, December 4, 2011
Three crisis, three ideas - North-South, Lift the Bottom Up and Human Development

Johan Galtung, November 29, 2011
The Arab Revolt - What's next?

Johan Galtung, November 24, 2011
Kashmir-Afghanistan-Central Asia
Speaking upon receiving the Abdul Ghaffer Khan International Peace-Builder Award

Johan Galtung, November 12, 2011
The bad in the good and the good in the bad

Johan Galtung, November 1, 2011
Mexico - lots of problems but new winds are blowing too

Johan Galtung, October 27, 2011
Columbia-revisited: Ultra-stability !!
On the deep ongoing conflicts and some peace-promoting solutions

Johan Galtung, October 19, 2011
And the world moves South and East
A macro-spiritual coming together in the future

Johan Galtung, October 19, 2011
The economic crisis: 7 proposals

Johan Galtung, October 4, 2011
And then the decline and fall of China?

Ask yourself how many people in the West can deal with China in this macro-perspective. Here we never tire of talking about human rights in China while benefitting from cheap Chinese labour, says Jan Oberg

Johan Galtung, September 27, 2011
A (North) East Asian Community - with two important appendices. Speech given in China.

Johan Galtung, September 20, 2011
Japan, Article 9 and the Self-Defence Forces

Johan Galtung, July 25, 2011
Norway 7/22. What? And then what?

Johan Galtung with Abbas Aroua, July 20, 2011
OIC - Organization of Islamic Conference becomes Cooperation

Johan Galtung, July 11, 2011
The West has a peace theory - and it's a bad one

Johan Galtung, July 5, 2011
Rule of Law versus Rule of Mediation

Johan Galtung, June 28, 2011
Libya: Deep structure and the surface

Johan Galtung, June 13, 2011
Retired all over the world - unite!! Learn the difference between jobs and work!

Johan Galtung, May 17, 2011
What happened to the Western Left?

Johan Galtung, May 11, 2011
Osama and Obama

Johan Galtung, April 18, 2011
On Libya and the role of Western countries historically and today (RT video)

Johan Galtung & David Swanson, April 11, 2011
The Libya War could last 20 years or more

Johan Galtung, March 14, 2011
A broader discourse needed about what's happening in the Middle East...

Johan Galtung, February 28, 2011
The Decline of the US Republic

Johan Galtung, February 23, 2011
Think cosmically, act globally, eat locally

Johan Galtung, February 16, 2011
World history unfolding: What's next?

Johan Galtung, February 7, 2011
World history unfolding II

Johan Galtung, January 31, 2011
World history unfolding
The larger perspective on Tunesia, Egypt, Lebanon, etc.

Johan Galtung, January 26, 2011
On Olof Palme and world interests
A lecture at Leeds. From his personal friendship to global reflections...

Johan Galtung, January 21, 2011
US versus China - and the Nobel Peace Prize

Johan Galtung, December 30, 2010
Women in the 21st century

Johan Galtung, December 27, 2010
The Middle East - One more look
Reflections while riding a bus - and 12 predictions about Israel

Johan Galtung, December 16, 2010
The Korean Peninsula: Two scenarios
Johan Galtung's speech at receiving the distinguished DMZ Peace Prize

Johan Galtung, December 6, 2010
Global domestic policy - and Wikileaks

Johan Galtung, December 1, 2010
Islam and the West - Some differences

Johan Galtung, November 23, 2010
Hitler and the Germans

Johan Galtung, November 19, 2010
Civilization as a way of life

Johan Galtung, November 15, 2010
The decline and fall of Norway

Johan Galtung, October 25, 2010
The UN, peace and peace education

Johan Galtung, October 24, 2010
Singing Boris Vian's "Le Deserteur" from 1954

Johan Galtung, October 18, 2010
Peace as a way of life

Johan Galtung, October 15, 2010
The Western Peace Prize

Johan Galtung, October 7, 2010
The future of what was once Yugoslavia
New models for each, several and all units of that torn-apart Yugosphere

Johan Galtung, September 29, 2010
China and world harmony - some ideas from a bird's eye perspective

Johan Galtung, September 14, 2010
China Ying/Yang
A talk at the Beijing Foreign Studies University

Johan Galtung, August 31, 2010
Japan right now. What is happening? A view from Kyoto

Johan Galtung, August 25, 2010
Education and peacebuilding

Johan Galtung on Democracy Now! June 25, 2010
I love the US Republic & I hate the US Empire! - 4 parts on YouTube

Johan Galtung, May 31, 2010
Where is the world economy heading?

Johan Galtung, April 19, 2010
International norms and standards
Galtung's speech to ASEAN, a bird's eye view of contradictions worldwide

Johan Galtung, April 6, 2010
A world of regions and the EU role?

Johan Galtung on BBC, December 12, 2009
Why Obama does not deserve that Prize and why the Nobel Committee violates the will of Alfred Nobel

Johan Galtung in Ahmedabad, Nov 30, 2009
Incredible India...they say
Turning its back on Gandhi, selling itself to the US, facing new conflicts - but there are also solutions all the way around.

Johan Galtung, November 9, 2009
Johan Galtung in Seoul speaking on the Eastern Cold War that we always forget in the West...
The trilateral conflict USA-North Kore-South Korea

Johan Galtung, October 26, 2009
China and the global economic crisis

Johan Galtung, Transcend Media, October 5, 2009
Gandhi and Mao - two giants comparedJohan Galtung, Transcend Media Service, October 2 - Gandhi Day

The tide is turning - away from the West
On the recent UN General Assembly, on Obama, Qaddafi, Chavéz, Israel and China. A fascinating bird's eye view contrasting the uniform coverage in the Western mainstream media of that same event.

Johan Galtung, August 30, 2009
More creativity, please!
On Michelin meals, the Japanese election result and the boredom over much political.

Johan Galtung, July 6, 2009
Honduras and Iran: What is going on?

Johan Galtung, Transcend, April 6, 2009
G20. NATO. And the world

The West is behind. Do not be surprised if the rest of the world is not waiting, but finds its own way.

Johan Galtung, March 26, 2009
The Energy-Environment-Development Triad
Concluding talk, Energy Pact Conference, Geneva, March 16-17 2009.

Johan Galtung, September 29, 2008
The U.S. economic crisis: 10 proposals

Johan Galtung, September 26, 2008 - TFF Video Channel
Can Japan become sovereign and peaceful?
Japan's deep culture, its relations with its neighbours, why it is a client state of the U.S., and how it can change and become a factor for world peace

Johan Galtung, September 24, 2008 - TFF Video Channel
Galtung's "True Worlds" - As Told Between Two Planes

On the world after the U.S. Empire has gone, on civilizations, global governance, the UN - and the coming Muslim-Hindu conflict

Johan Galtung, February 21, 2008
Kosova's independence - a crime against the Serbs and a crippling of the United Nations

Johan Galtung, at the UN, October 2, 2007
Gandhi's struggle against imperialism: Five points

Point 1: Never fear dialogue
Point 2: Never fear conflict: more opportunity than danger
Point 3: Know History or you are doomed to repeat it (Burke)
Point 4: Image the future or you will never get there
Point 5: While fighting occupation clean up your own house!
One of the most enlightening speeches at the UN for years...

Johan Galtung, March 22, 2007
Learning from Gandhi - Towards a nonviolent world order
Presented at the Satyagraha Centenary in New Delhi, the author presents a fascinating vision of the world atructured around regions and with a fading West. Two important Appendices about Kashmir and about why Gandhi did not receive the Nobel Peace Prize (like a few others).

Johan Galtung, Jan Öberg & Håkan Wiberg,
Aftonbladet, 5:e mars 2007
"Ohållbart om Kosovo"
Ahtisaaris plan är orättvis och kommer att leda till ökat våld. Varför är Martti Ahtisaaris så kallade medling om Kosovo och presstäckningen av denna så partisk och så lite objektiv?

Galtung, Øberg & Wiberg,
Jyllands-Posten, 28. februar 2007
En uholdbar plan
Martti Ahtisaaris forslag til Kosovo-provinsens fremtidige status er fredsforhindrende, mener forfatterne, der er tilknyttet den Transnationale Stiftelse for Freds- og Fremtidsforskning, TFF. De har fulgt udviklingen på Balkan i over 30 år.

Johan Galtung, January 5, 2007
A mini theory of peace

Johan Galtung, August 23, 2006
What does professionalization in peace research mean?
A path-breaking analysis - with autobiographical inputs - of how to move beyond the dichotomy between government "Realism" and civil society organizations/peace movements "Idealism." Deals also with the code of conduct and accountability of the peace reseacrcher/worker and the parallel with the health worker.

Johan Galtung, August 4, 2006
The Middle East and the EU as a solution model
There are three building blocks - and not at all unrealistic. There are moderate and legitimate demands and extremist demands; the latter must be substituted on all sides. But most important: there is a model for a sustainable solution: that of the European Community or Union. Thus, we need a new comprehensive approach beyond today's rather naive proposals. The road to security for all goes through peace!

Johan Galtung, 26. juni 2006
Hva gør Norge i Afghanistan?

Fem gode punkter ved en mæglingssession i Peshawar kontrasteret af en forudsigelse: "Stabilitet kan man trygt se bort fra. At den hundre år gamle krigen mellom det angloamerikansk-kristne og det arabisk-islamske skal stilne av kan man også trygt se bort fra, unntatt overfor Spania med den eneste vestlige politiker med klarsyn, Zapatero. Heroinen vil fortsatt nå frem til vestens gater. Pengene vil fortsatt flyte inn i de korruptes lommer..."

Johan Galtung, June 21, 2006
USA & UK versus Iran: A Transcend perspective
Diagnosis, prognosis and therapy: "The keys to acceptable and sustainable ways out of this conflict are in the subtexts, not in the texts. Why is the obvious road toward a solution not even discussed?

Johan Galtung, TFF Associate, July 15, 2005
Human rights and the illegal US/UK attack on Iraq
By some counts the attack on Iraq is US aggression no. 239 after the Thomas Jefferson start in the early 19th century and no. 69 after the Second world war; with between 12 and 16 million killed in that period alone. All of it is in flagrant contradiction of the most basic human rights, like the "right to life, liberty and security of persons" (Universal Declaration, UD:3) and the condemnation of the "cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment" (UD:5).

Johan Galtung, TFF Associate, July 14, 2005
The Korean Peninsula: From the DMZ to a Zone of Peace
What world conflict formations are the two divided Koreas part of? How can we envisage them coming closer to each other? Can the present 2+4 talks be supported by a parallel process? And how can today's De-Militarised Zone be turned into a Zone of Peace useful for the Koreans and everyone else? Compared with the general reporting in our media, Galtung's speech offers much richer perspectives, opens up for broader understanding and convinces us that there is a lot of constructive things that can be done.

PressInfo 223, July 13, 2005
Economic Boycott as Nonviolence
Economic boycott was very important in Gandhi's way of
fighting the U.K. Empire. Any boycott of the United States should be informed by Gandhian nonviolence. The purpose is to reduce and eliminate the U.S. military, economic, political and cultural choking grip on the world, not to kill U.S. children by hitting the U.S. economy. By Johan Galtung.

PressInfo 223, 27. juli, 2005
Økonomisk boykot som ikkevold
Økonomisk boykot var helt central i Gandhis kamp mod det britiske imperium. Enhver boykot af USA må inspireres af gandhiansk ikkevold. Formålet må være at ramme det amerikanske militær, økonomien, politikken og det kulturelle kvælertag om verden, som imperiet har - derimod ikke at dræbe dets børn eller skabe problemer for befolkningen. Af Johan Galtung.

PressInfo 223, 27. juli, 2005
Ekonomisk boykott som ickevåld
Ekonomisk boykott var hel centralt i Gandhis kamp mod det britiska imperiet. Varje boykott av USA bör inspireras av gandhiaskt tänkande. Syftet är att minska och avlägsna USA:s kvävande militära, politiska och kulturella grepp om världen. Målet är USA-imperiet, inte republiken USA.

Johan Galtung, TFF Associate, June 4, 2005
Peace Studies - A Ten Point Primer
Historic! A concise, handy introduction to peace studies, a lecture at the histoic first meeting ever in China, at Nanjin University, on peace studies.

Solana's - and the EU's? - foreign policy: A non-starter

State Terrorism/Terrorism, USA/Iraq, Israel/Palestine Right Now

Human Needs, Humanitarian Intervention, Human Security and the War in Iraq

On the Coming Decline and Fall of the US Empire
The fall of the empire (posted on

Towards the Abolition of Nuclear Weaponry: A Theological Approach

USA-Iraq: There are Alternatives! And Resistance is Possible

The Iraq Conflict 2002: A TRANSCEND Perspective

September 11/October 7, 2001 and its Aftermath: Three Discourses

September 11, 2001: Diagnosis, Prognosis, Therapy

Tid for oppjør med Norges skam
(med Jørgen Johansen)

Velkommen til Kald Krig II

Review of Zelim Skurbaty's "As If People Mattered"

The Oslo Accords: a flawed process. The TRANSCEND perspective as a constructive alternative

Northern Ireland - Some dialogue-based reflections (with Terence Duffy)

The Tokyo-Pyongyang negotiations - some reflections on reconciliation

From demilitarised zones to zones of peace

The World in Economic Crisis

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